Experiences of discrimination and dealing with one’s own sexual and gender identity in everyday school life
- Factsheet on the research projekt -
Experiences of discrimination in the school work environment
- Almost a third of all participating teachers had experienced discrimination on grounds of their LGBTIQ* identity within the 24 months prior to the survey. In particular, they experienced social degradation but also material disadvantages.
- The share of teachers with experiences of discrimination decreased significantly if they were informed about protection against discrimination through the General Act on Equal Treatment by their employer. The share also decreased if there was a complaints office for employees at the school, if the prevention of violence, bullying or discrimination was mentioned as an objective in the school regulations or the school's guiding principles and if sexual and gender diversity was addressed in the official curricula.
- Other teachers as well as students were indicated as perpetrators especially frequently.
- Of the teachers who said that they had experienced discrimination on grounds of their LGBTIQ* identity, 9 out of 10 reported that this had happened more than once.
How LGBTIQ* teachers deal with their own sexual and gender identity in everyday school life
- The people surveyed deal with their sexual or gender identity less openly in everyday school life than in their private lives; 4 out of 10 teachers deal with their LGBTIQ* identity openly at the workplace. Most frequently, it is other teachers that know about the LGBTIQ* identity of those surveyed.
- Fear of stigmatisation, fear of a loss of respect and of marginalisation and one’s own insecurity are the most frequent reasons which prevent teachers from speaking openly with regard to their LGBTIQ* identity.
Addressing sexual and gender diversity
- Half of the teachers surveyed stated that sexual and gender diversity was not addressed in the official curricula. Moreover, three quarters of those surveyed reported that it was up to each and every teacher whether and in what way to deal with this topic. This bears the risk of the topic not being addressed at all.
- If the topic of sexual and gender diversity is addressed, teachers deal with their identity openly a lot more often. At the same time, the share of teachers who report on discrimination on grounds of their LGBTIQ* identity decreases.